The day before, China eighth Arctic scientific expedition team successfully completed the task, to achieve a number of historic breakthrough. Since the development of the Arctic expedition for the first time since 1999, China’s Arctic expedition to achieve leapfrog development from small to large, from weak to strong.
The Arctic is recognized as the most intense areas of global warming, impact of Arctic rapid change, will transfer to the China, we are more urgent than ever, want to know the magnitude of this effect quantitatively.
North and south poles, like refrigerators, are cold sources of global climate. If the Arctic sea ice continues to melt, will greatly weaken the ability of the original ice reflected light heat, water absorbing heat, the destruction of the original heat balance, may cause regional and wider range of climatic anomaly.
The observation of the human polar regions are relatively scarce, study on the mechanism of polar change is not sufficient, the ability of climate change prediction trend compared with other regions is also lagging behind, so we must strengthen the business of field observation, strive to gain first-hand continuous Arctic climate environmental data.
The Arctic Ocean is also the best laboratory for studying ecosystems in extreme environments. Seals, for example, are the main source of food for polar bears, but seals rely on sea ice for survival. Sea ice melting will impact the entire biological community, which is a very important ecological issue.
China is one of the most important countries in the global trading system, and the Arctic channel is the shortest way to connect the three major economic circles in Northeast Asia, Europe and North america. Researchers can provide scientific support for the economic and trade activities in the region, such as sea ice forecasting, route planning and environmental protection, which need to further increase the recognition of the arctic.
To the world is cold, Arctic and Antarctic expedition is not the same. In this regard, He Jianfeng participated in the 9 Arctic expedition and the 2 Antarctic expedition, deeply touched, “in the Antarctic expedition does not involve sovereignty issues, scientific research is relatively free.”. However, the regional sovereignty of the Arctic has been determined, and the scientific research area is limited to the content of the expedition.”
In addition, the central area of the high seas in the Arctic Ocean sea ice is just the most densely populated areas, the existing expedition ship icebreaking capability poses a challenge. China’s independent construction of polar expedition ship “Snow Dragon 2” has a strong two-way ice breaking capacity, is expected to be delivered in 2019.
Despite the difficulties, China has launched the scientific expedition in the Arctic since 1999, and has obtained valuable and detailed data, which has contributed to the full understanding and peaceful use of the Arctic by the Chinese people. Starting from the eighth scientific expedition, the Arctic expedition will officially enter the 1 year of the normalization of operation 1 times. At present, China has a the Yellow River scientific research station in the Arctic. With the increasing demand for scientific research, it is not possible to exclude the possibility of building other comprehensive observation stations in the future.