Artificial trans fat, which is once considered a breakthrough invention for prolonging the shelf life of fried and baked food, is considered to be harmful to health.
On the 14 day, who announced a plan to eliminate all trans fats in foods in 5 years. Trans fats, also called trans fatty acids, have a small amount of natural trans fats in beef, sheep, milk and dairy products, and the main source of artificial trans fats is partly hydrogenated vegetable oils. This kind of oil has the advantages of high temperature resistance, no deterioration and long storage. It is commonly used in fried chicken, French fries, cakes and other foods.
The biggest health hazard of trans fats is the increase in people’s risk of cardiovascular disease. According to WHO, more than 500 thousand people die of cardiovascular disease every year because of trans fat intake.
In addition, in recent years, some medical studies have found that trans fat not only endanger health, but also affect mental health. In 2015, a study by the state State University of San Diego found that people with less trans fat intake were better able to control their emotions than those with more trans fats.
On the 14 day, the WHO issued a guideline for action in Geneva, Switzerland. The WHO has called for a complete elimination of artificial trans fats from the food supply chain while reducing natural trans fats, which will be “a major victory for the world’s cardiovascular disease”. The use of healthier oil instead of artificial trans fats can save at least 10 million lives in 25 years.
At present, regulators in some countries require that trans fats must be labeled on food packaging, while some countries are beginning to ban trans fats.
Denmark is the first country in the world to take measures to limit the use of artificial trans fats. For 15 years, the incidence of cardiovascular disease in Denmark has fallen faster than in other developed countries.